Cydalima perspectalis (Walker)
Significance: Cydalima perspectalis is a moth native to East Asia, but has spread throughout Europe as an invasive pest of Buxus spp., causing major damage in natural and planted stands (Nacambo et al., 2014). Larval feeding can cause complete defoliation of the tree. Larvae can also feed on the bark of Buxus plants which can result in drying out of the tree and, eventually, tree death (Nacambo et al., 2014). Cydalima perspectalis has not been reported from North America. This pest is of concern because many Buxus spp. are commonly propagated and sold by the nursery industry as an ornamental plant (Anonymous, 2016; Bilderback et al., 1997; Pascoe, 2015). Cydalima perspectalis has been highlighted in previous NAPPO-PAS Pest Alerts (http://www.pestalert.org/viewNewsAlert.cfm?naid=92).
Issues of Concern: In 2014, Cydalima perspectalis was observed infesting Buxus spp. (boxwood) plants in Montenegro (Hrn?i? and Radonji?, 2017) and Serbia (Stojanovi? et al., 2015; Vajgand, 2016) and in 2016, was observed feeding on unidentified plants in Ukraine (Nagy et al., 2017). These are the first reports of C. perspectalis in Montenegro, Serbia, and Ukraine.
Anónimo. 2016. Red Viverista. http://www.redviverista.com.
Bilderback, T., J. Baker, y R. Jones. 1997. Commercial Boxwood Production Horticulture Information Leaflet. North Carolina State University, https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/commercial-boxwood-production.
Hrn?i?, S. y S. Radonji?. 2017. Cydalima perspectalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) presence and distribution in Montenegro. Agro-knowledge Journal 18(4):275-284.
Nacambo, S., F. L. G. Leuthardt, H. Wan, H. Li, T. Haye, B. Baur, R. M. Weiss, y M. Kenis. 2014. Development characteristics of the box-tree moth Cydalima perspectalis and its potential distribution in Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology 138(1-2):14-26.
Nagy, A., I. Szarukán, J. Csabai, A. Molnár, B. P. Molnár, Z. Kárpáti, et al. 2017. Distribution of the box tree moth (Cydalima perspectalis Walker 1859) in the north?eastern part of the Carpathian Basin with a new Ukrainian record and Hungarian data. EPPO Bulletin DOI: 10.1111/epp.12384. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/epp.12384/full.
Pascoe, M. 2015. World Plants. http://www.canadaplants.ca.
Stojanovi?, D. V., A. Konjevi?, M. Markovi?, y T. Kereši. 2015. Nalazi šimširovog moljca Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859) (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) u Vojvodini (Appearance of the box tree moth Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859) (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) in Vojvodina). Biljni lekar 43(4):387-395. Abstract from http://scindeks.ceon.rs/article.aspx?artid=0354-61601504387S.
Vajgand, D. K. 2016. Contribution to the study of Lepidoptera of ?elarevo (Vojvodina, Serbia). Acta Entomologica Serbica 21(1):49-92. http://aes.bio.bg.ac.rs/index.php/aes/article/view/55.