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Bactra bactrana (Kennel)
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Bactra bactrana reported feeding on peppers for the first time


Name: Bactra bactrana (Kennel)

Taxonomic Position:

Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Lepidoptera : Tortricidae

Issues of Concern:

In 2014, Bactra bactrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae were found infesting Capsicum annuum (pepper) fruits in two greenhouses in the Greek island of Crete. Multiple small holes were observed on infested fruits, and internal feeding resulted in extensive tissue damage, dark discoloration, and yield losses. This is the first report of C. annuum as a host of B. bactrana (Roditakis et al., 2015). Bactra bactrana was previously only known to be a stem borer of Cyperaceae and Poaceae (Brown et al., 2008; Roditakis et al., 2015). The factors influencing the tortricid shift to peppers are currently unknown.


Most of the geographic distribution records of B. bactrana refer to its synonym, Bactra graminivora Meyrick (Roditakis et al., 2015). It is known to occur in Europe (Aarvik, 2013), Central Asia, and Africa (Diakonoff, 1963; 1964). It is not known to occur in the United States, Canada, or Mexico.



Aarvik, L. E. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Tortricidae. In: Karsholt, O. & Nieukerken, E.J. van. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea version 2.6,

Brown, J. W., G. Robinson & J. A. Powell. 2008. Food plant database of the leafrollers of the world (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (Version 1.0).

Diakonoff, A. 1963. Ergebnisse der Zoologischen Nubien-Expedition 1962. Ann. Naturhistor. Mus. Wien, 66, 473-476.

Diakonoff, A. 1964. Fruther Records and Descriptions of the Species of Bactra Stephens (Lepidoptera Tortricidae). Zoologishe Verhandelingen, 70, 3-80.

Roditakis, E., S. Morin, and J. Baixeras. 2016. Is Bactra bactrana (Kennel, 1901) a novel pest of sweet peppers? Bulletin of Entomological Research 106 (2): 161-167.

Warning: The information in this alert has not been confirmed with the appropriate National Plant Protection Organization and is provided solely as an early warning. Please use the above information with caution.

Phytosanitary Alert System
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Prepared on: 03/14/2017
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