Official Pest Report
Official Pest Reports are provided by National Plant Protection Organizations within the NAPPO region. These Pest Reports are intended to comply with the International Plant Protection Convention's Standard on Pest Reporting, endorsed by the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in March 2002.

Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly): APHIS Removes a Quarantine in San Jose, Santa Clara County, California

Country:
United States
Title:

Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly): APHIS Removes a Quarantine in San Jose, Santa Clara County, California

Contact:
Richard Johnson, Fruit Fly National Policy Manager, at (301) 851-2109 or richard.n.johnson@usda.gov.
Report:

Effective June 27, 2022, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) removed the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis or OFF) quarantine in the San Jose area of Santa Clara County, California.

On September 30, 2021, APHIS and CDFA established an OFF quarantine in the San Jose area of Santa Clara County and restricted interstate movement of regulated articles from this area to prevent the spread of OFF to non-infested areas of the United States. This action was necessary for response to the confirmed detections of six adult male OFF from the San Jose area by CDFA between September 13 and September 24, all from traps in various types of fruit trees in residential areas. By October 4, CDFA confirmed the seventh male OFF in the vicinity of the earlier finds, which expanded the quarantine further.

Since then, APHIS has worked cooperatively with CDFA and the Santa Clara County Agricultural Commissioner’s office to eradicate the transient OFF population through various control actions per program protocols. APHIS removed the quarantine area after three OFF life cycles elapsed with negative detections in this area.

The following website contains a description of all the current Federal fruit fly quarantine areas:

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant-health/ff-quarantine

Under IPPC standards, Bactrocera dorsalis is a pest that has been eradicated from San Jose area of Santa Clara County, California. Following a recent separate incursion, this pest is present only in one area  [North Hills area of Los Angeles County] in California. This species is not widely distributed and is under official control in the United States.

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